Carpinus caroliniana – American Hornbeam, Musclewood
The American Hornbeam is native to the forests of the eastern United States, including New Jersey, where it grows as a small to medium-sized understory tree. A member of the Birch family, it is both tough and attractive, and deserves to be more widely used in the landscape. In spring, the plant produces drooping catkin flowers, which give way to unique clusters of winged seed capsules. Winter interest is provided by smooth, sinewy bark that gives the American Hornbeam its other common name, Musclewood.
Clethra acuminata – Cinnamonbark Clethra, Mountain Pepperbush
This beautiful small tree hails from the forested mountain ridges of the southern Appalachians, where its summer display of fragrant white Lily-of-the-Valley-like flowers attracts pollinators such as butterflies, hummingbirds, and bees. In winter, strips of the tree's papery brown bark curl back attractively, revealing lighter patches below.
Cornus florida - Flowering Dogwood
The Flowering Dogwood is featured prominently at Reeves-Reed Arboretum, and spring here wouldn't be the same without its showy and elegant floral display. Flowering Dogwood specimens anchor the Azalea Garden and grow wild in the acres of woodlands.
Cyrilla racemiflora – Swamp Cyrilla, Leatherwood
This lovely small tree, native to the Mid-Atlantic and southeastern United States, provides a stunning focal point for the informal native plant garden. In its native habitat it is often found growing in swamps and along lake shores, where its twisted, broad-spreading branches and fragrant white whorls of flowers capture the attention.
Malus floribunda - Flowering Crabapple
Flowering Crabapples are a central design feature of the Azalea Garden, and we plan to add two specimens to the southwest corner of the garden, which sustained severe damage in the snowstorm. Flowering Crabapples are a much-loved sign of spring, and their early May blooms impart a delicate pink hue to the landscape.
Ostrya virginiana – American Hophornbeam
This small to medium-sized tree grows on dry, forested slopes across most of eastern North America. It has a graceful form, characterized by slender, slightly drooping branches and a rounded silhouette. Resistant to many pests and diseases, the American Hophornbeam is also drought- and pollution-tolerant. Clusters of hop-like seeds provide a welcome food source for birds and small mammals.
Ptelea trifoliata – Hoptree, Wafer Ash
A truly fantastic but sorely underused native species, the Hoptree has it all – interesting foliage, an attractive form, fragrant blossoms, and ornamental fruit. Moreover, it serves as an important food source for the caterpillars of the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail and Giant Swallowtail butterflies.
Stewartia monadelpha – Tall Stewartia
This elegant tree has won the admiration of gardeners and plantsmen the world over. A native of the Tea family, Tall Stewartia is related to both camellias and the Franklin Tree, and like these, is renowned for its striking flowers. Tall Stewartia blooms in early summer, when its silky buds open to reveal flowers of pure, almost iridescent white. Shiny dark-green foliage turns a deep maroon in fall, and winter interest is provided by rich brown, scaly bark.
Styrax americanus – American Snowbell
Another great American native, this tree puts on a stunning spring floral display in mid-May, when thousands of tiny white bell-shaped flowers burst forth. Nectar from these blossoms attracts butterflies and other insect pollinators, and later in the season, seed capsules provide a food source for birds.
Ulmus americana 'Valley Forge' – Valley Forge American Elm
The American Elm is one of our nation's great trees. Its monumental stature provides a focal point in the landscape, and its graceful arching branches provide cool summer shade. We lost our American Elm in the snowstorm, and are hoping to replant another specimen of this magnificent species. 'Valley Forge' is a variety developed by the U.S. National Arboretum which has superior resistance to Dutch Elm Disease, the disease that destroyed American Elm populations across most of North America during the 20th century.